Main Article Content
Disability, Public Health, Education
Healthy People 2020 addresses the need to increase disability-specific content in public health education. In 2014 the University of Connecticut (UConn) Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities developed an online, interdisciplinary, graduate certificate in disability studies. Eighteen students provided evaluation data on the effectiveness of the Certificate as described in this article. Majority of participants reported applying knowledge gained in their other courses while half recommended a disability certificate course to others. Of those participants who are currently employed, 75% reported applying knowledge gained to carry out their current work position. Some students responded that at least a course like these with disability-specific content should be mandated for any health-related graduate program. Future implications for these findings include expanding disability-specific content across public health program curricula to increase the capacity of the future workforce to serve people with disabilities.
An Outcome Evaluation Study of the UConn Online Graduate Courses of the Certificate of Interdisciplinary Disability Studies in Public Health by Tara Lutz & Mary Beth Bruder is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://rdsjournal.org/. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at https://www.rds.hawaii.edu/.
Association of University Centers on Disability (AUCD). (2019). About LEND. Retrieved from https://www.aucd.org/template/page.cfm?id=473
Bezyak, J., Sabella, S., & Gattis, R. (2017). Public transportation: an investigation of barriers for people with disabilities. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 28(1), 52–60. https://doi.org/10.1177/1044207317702070
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (CDC). (2018). Public health professionals gateway: The public health system & the 10 essential public health services. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/publichealthgateway/publichealthservices/essentialhealthservices.html
Cohen, S. & Miguel, R. (2018). Amor and social stigma: ASD beliefs among immigrant Mexican parents. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(6), 1995–2009. doi:10.1007/s10803-017-3457-x
Council on Education for Public Health. (CEPH). (2016). Accreditation criteria: Schools of public health & public health programs. Retrieved from https://media.ceph.org/wp_assets/2016.Criteria.pdf
Courtney-Long, E., Carroll, D., Zhang, Q., Stevens, A., Griffin-Blake, S., Armour, B., & Campbell, V. (2015). Prevalence of disability and disability type among adults United States, 2013. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report, 64(29), 777–783. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4584831/
Courtney-Long, E., Romano, S., Carroll, D., & Fox, M. (2016). Socioeconomic factors at the intersection of race and ethnicity influencing health risks for people with disabilities. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 4(2), 213-222. doi: 10.1007/s40615-016-0220-5
Dunn, D. S., & Andrews, E. E. (2015). Person-first and identity-first language: Developing psychologists’ cultural competence using disability language. The American Psychologist, 70(3), 255–264. doi: 10.1037/a0038636
Ennis-Cole, D., Durodoye, B., & Harris, H. (2013). The Impact of Culture on Autism Diagnosis and Treatment. The Family Journal, 21(3), 279–287. doi: 10.1177/1066480713476834
Frankena, T. K., Naaldenberg, J., Cardol, M., Garcia Iriatre, E., Buchner, T., Brooker, T., … Leusink, G. (2018). A consensus statement on how to conduct inclusive health research. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. Doi: 10.1111/jir.12486
Griffen, A. K., Risley, K., Petros, M., & Welter, C. (2018). Inclusion wheel: tool for capacity and public health leaders to serve people with disabilities. Health Promotion Practice, epub. Doi: 10.1177/1524839918788578
Heaphy, D.G., Mitra, M., & Bouldin, E. D. (2011). Disability and health inequity. In Lollar, D. J. & Andresen, E. M. (Eds.), Public health perspectives on disability: Epidemiology to ethics and beyond (pp. 117–150). New York: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Heerwegh, D., Vanhove, T., Matthijs, K., & Looseveldt, G. (2005). The effect of personalization on response rates and data quality in web surveys. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(2), 85–99. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557042000203107
Higginson, G. & Widerburg, B. (2009). A brief history of public health. In C. E. Drum, G. L. Krahn & H. Bersani, Jr. (Eds.), Disability and Public Health (pp. 9–64).Washington, D.C.: American Public Health Association.
Institute of Medicine. (1988). The Future of Public Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK218218/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK218218.pdf
Jacobsen, Kathryn H. (2017). Introduction to health research methods: A practical guide (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC.
Joinson, A. N., Woodley, A., & Reips, U. D. (2007). Personalization, authentication, and self- disclosure in self-administered Internet surveys. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(1), 275–285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2004.10.012
Kapp, S., Gillespie-Lynch, K., Sherman, L., Hutman, T., Eccles, Jacquelynne, Akhtar, Nameera, & Jaswal, Vikram K. (2013). Deficit, Difference, or Both? Autism and Neurodiversity. Developmental Psychology, 49(1), 59–71. Doi: 10.1037/a0028353
Krahn, G. & Campbell, V. A. (2011). Evolving views of disability and public health: the roles of advocacy and public health. Disability and Health Journal, 4(2011), 12–18. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2010.05.005
Ormel, J., Petukhova, M., Chatterji, S., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M.C., …. Kessler, R. C. (2008). Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world. British Journal of Psychiatry, 368–75. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.107.039107.
Krahn, G. L., Walker, D. K., & Correa-De-Araujo, R. (2015). Persons with disabilities as an unrecognized health disparity population. American Journal of Public Health, 105, Suppl2, S198-S206. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302182
Larson, D. (2008). Unconsciously regarded as disabled: Implicit bias and the regarded-as prong of the Americans with Disabilities Act. UCLA Law Review, 56(2), 451–488.
Lee, C. (2012). Deafness and cochlear implants: A deaf scholar's perspective. Journal of Child Neurology, 27(6), 821–823. doi: 10.1177/0883073812441248
McDonald, K. E., & Raymaker, D. (2013). Paradigm shifts in disability and health: Toward more ethical public health research. American Journal of Public Health, 103(12), 2165–2173. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301286
Moodley, J., & Graham, L. (2015). The importance of intersectionality in disability and gender studies. Agenda: Empowering Women for Gender Equity, 24–33. https://doi.org/10.1080/10130950.2015.1041802
National Council on Disability. (2016). The impact of the Affordable Care Act on people with disabilities: A 2015 status report. Retrieved from https://www.ncd.gov/publications/2016/impact-affordable-care-act-people-disabilities-2015-status-report
Norwich, B. (2008). Dilemmas of difference, inclusion and disability: International perspectives on placement. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 23(4), 287–304. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856250802387166
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). (2018a). Determinants of health. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Determinants-of-Health
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). (2018b). Disability and health. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/disability-and-health/objectiv
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (ODPHP). (2018c). Social determinants of health. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-of-health
Okoro, C. A., Hollis, N. D., Cyrus, A. C., & Griffin-Blake, S. (2018). Prevalence of disabilities and health care access by disability status and type among adults—United States, 2016. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report, 67, 882–887. http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6732a3
Perkins, E. A. & VanZant, S. (2017). XCEL – Providing excellent care for patients with developmental disabilities. Florida Center for Inclusive Communities, University of South Florida. Retrieved from http://flfcic.fmhi.usf.edu/program-areas/health.html
Robinson, K. A., Dinglas, V. D., Sukrithan, V., Yalamanchilli, Mendez-Tellez, P. A., Dennison-Himmelfarb, C., & Needham, D. M. (2015). Updated systematic review identifies substantial number of retention strategies: using more strategies retains more study participants. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68(12), 1481–1487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.04.013
Saleh, A. & Bista, K. (2017). Examining factors impacting online survey response rates in educational research: perceptions of graduate students. Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation, 13(29), 63–74. http://journals.sfu.ca/jmde/index.php/jmde_1/article/view/487
Sinclair, L. B., Tannenhaus, R. H., Courtney-Long, E., & Eaton, D. K. (2015). Disability within US public health school and program curricula. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 21(4), 400-5. Doi: 10.1097/PHH. 0000000000000114
Society for Disability Studies. (SDS). (2016). What is disability studies? Retrieved from http://disstudies.org/index.php/about-sds/what-is-disability-studies/
UConn. (2019). Interdisciplinary Disability Studies in Public Health Online Graduate Certificate. Retrieved from https://ph.disability.certificate.uconn.edu/
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (USDHHS). (2005). The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Improve the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, 2005. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44667/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK44667.pdf
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). (2011). Implementation guidance on data collection standards for race, ethnicity, sex, primary language, and disability status. Retrieved from https://aspe.hhs.gov/basic-report/hhs-implementation-guidance-data-collection-standards-race-ethnicity-sex-primary-language-and-disability-status
Wasserman, D., Asch, A., Blustein, J. & Putnam, D. (2016). Disability: definitions, models, experience. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2016/entries/disability/
World Health Organization. (2002). Towards a common language for functioning, disability, and health: ICF. Geneva: WHO. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/classifications/icf/icfbeginnersguide.pdf?ua=1
Yee, S., Breslin, M. L., Goode, T. D., Havercamp, S. M., Horner-Johnson, W., Iezzoni, L. I., & Krahn, G. (2016). Compounded disparities: health equity at the intersection of disability, race, and ethnicity, presented at roundtable workshop The Intersections Among Health Disparities, Health Equity, and Health Literacy, Washington, D.C. (June 14, 2016). Retrieved from http://nationalacademies.org/hmd/Activities/SelectPops/HealthDisparities/Commissioned-Papers/Compounded-Disparities.aspx