Main Article Content
equality, community, planning
Individuals with disabilities need opportunities for socially equitable association, where interactions are not premised on relational social qualifications, to realize community membership. Communities of location, defined by “place” rather than “people,” are a mechanism to avoid and an avenue to address the relational boundaries of communities of organization and culture for individuals with disabilities. The democratic associations of place supported by communities of location may be a significant factor in individuals with disabilities gaining membership in other types of social communities and being equal members of the community.
Bachrach, K. M., & Zautra, A. J. (1985). Coping with a community stressor: The threat of a hazardous waste facility. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 26, 127-141.
Bostock, L., & Gleeson, B. (2004). Contested housing landscapes? Social inclusion, deinstitutionalization and housing policy in Australia. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 39(1), 41-62.
Cummins, R. A., & Lau, A. L. D. (2003). Community integration or community exposure? A review and discussion in relation to people with an intellectual disability. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 16, 145-157.
Dear, M. (1992). Understanding and overcoming the NIMBY syndrome. Journal of the American Planning Association, 58(3), 288-301.
Dear, M., Wilton R., Gaber S. L., & Takahashi, L. (1997). Seeing people differently: the sociospatial construction of disability. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 15(4), 455-480.
Hahn, H. (1985). Disability policy and the problem of discrimination. American Behavioral Scientist, (28)3, 293-318.
Lynch, K., & Hack, G. (1984). Site planning. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.
McMillan, D. W., & Chavis, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. American Journal of Community Psychology, 14(1), 6-23.
Meyers, F., Ager, A., Kerr, P., & Myles, S. (1998). Outside looking in? Studies of the community integration of people with learning disabilities. Disability and Society, 13, 389-413.
Oldenburg, R., & Brissett, D. (1980). The essential hangout. Psychology Today, pp. 82-84.
Putnam, R. D. (1993). The prosperous community: Social capital and public life. The American Prospect 4(13), 35-42.
Salzberg, C. L., & Langford, C. A. (1981). Community integration of mentally retarded adults through leisure activity. Mental Retardation, 19, 127-131.
So, F. S., & Getzels, J. (1988). The practice of local government planning. Washington, DC: . International City/County Management Association (ICMA).
Thibaut, J., & Kelley, H. (1986). The social psychology of groups. New York: Wiley.
Tropman, J. E., Erlich, J. L., & Rothman, J. (2006). Tactics and techniques of community intervention. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers, Inc.
Ware, N. C., Hopper, K., Tugenberg, T., Dickey, B., & Fisher, D. (2007). Connectedness and citizenship: Redefining social integration. Psychiatric Services, 58(4), 469-474.
Wilton, R. D. (1998). The constitution of difference: Space and psyche in landscapes of exclusion. Geoforum, 29(2), 173-185.
Wolfensberger, W. (2000). A brief overview of social role valorization. Mental Retardation, 38(2), 105-123.