Playing with Normalcy: A Disability Material Culture Analysis

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Fady Shanouda
Karen K Yoshida


disability, toy, childhood


We recast a toy figure as a cultural agent of various interlocking and hegemonic discourses, and in particular, explore how normative discourses are reflected in material objects. We suggest that the Toy Gymnast represents and reinforces these discourses and therefore influences how children learn that normative bodies are desirable.

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Playing with Normalcy: A Disability Material Culture Analysis by Fady Shanouda & Karen K. Yoshida is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at

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