Raising Children's Voices: Lessons Learned from EC PLACE

Main Article Content

Lissanna Follari
Ashley Lawless
Peggy Wallace


autism, early childhood special education, preschool intervention


The Early Childhood Program for Language Acquisition and Community Engagement (EC PLACE) is a program designed to support language, communication, and social development of children with significant disabilities within a public preschool setting. This article describes program design and eight effective program practices which contributed to remarkable gains in children’s skills and outcomes.

Abstract 219 | WORD Downloads 144 PDF Downloads 56


Brock, M. E., Biggs, E. E., Carter, E. W., Cattey, G. N., & Raley, K. S. (2016). Implementation and generalization of peer support arrangements for students with severe disabilities in inclusive classrooms. The Journal of Special Education, 49(4), 221-232.
Buysse, V. (2011). Access, participation, and supports: The defining features of high-quality inclusion. Zero to Three (J), 31(4), 24-31.
Carter, E. W., Moss, C. K., Asmus, J., Fesperman, E., Cooney, M., Brock, M. E., … & Vincent, L. B. (2015). Promoting inclusion, social connections, and learning through peer support arrangements. Teaching Exceptional Children, 48(1), 9-18.
Cook, B. G., Tankersley, M., Cook, L., & Landrum, T. J. (2008). Evidence-based practices in special education: Some practical considerations. Intervention in School and Clinic, 44(2), 69–75. https://doi.org/10.1177/1053451208321452
Division for Early Childhood. (2014). DEC recommended practices in early intervention/early childhood special education 2014. http://www.dec-sped.org/recommendedpractices
Dye, H. (2018). The impact and long-term effects of childhood trauma. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 28, 381–392. https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2018.1435328
Eldevik, S., Hastings, R. P., Hughes, J. C., Jahr, E., Eikeseth, S., & Cross, S. (2009). Meta-analysis of early intensive behavioral intervention for children with autism. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 38, 439–450. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374410902851739
Ganz, J. B., & Flores, M. M. (2010). Implementing visual cues for young children with autism spectrum disorders and their classmates. YC Young Children, 65(3), 78.
Gooden, C., & Kearns, J. (2013). The Importance of Communication Skills in Young Children. Research Brief. Summer 2013. Human Development Institute.
Hamilton, L. (2019). Disability as social construct: Investigating how autism is represented in the mainstream media. Prism: Casting New Light on Learning, Theory and Practice, 2(2), 20-38.
Harris, K. I., Pretti-Frontczak, K., & Brown, T. (2009). Peer-mediated intervention: An effective, inclusive strategy for all young children. YC Young Children, 64(2), 43-49.
Iseminger, S. H. (2009). Keys to success with autistic children: Structure, predictability, and consistency are essential for students on the autism spectrum. Teaching Music, 16(6), 28.
Jónsdóttir, S. L., Brynjarsdóttir, B., Saemundsen, E., & Sigurdsson, J. F. (2018). Long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention during their preschool years: A pilot study of 15 young adults. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, 6(1), 28–39. https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2018-006
Kaiser, A. P., Hester, P. P., & McDuffie, A. S. (2001). Supporting communication in young children with developmental disabilities. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 7(2), 143-150.
Liachowitz, C. (2010). Disability as Social Construct: Legislative Roots. University of Pennsylvania Press.
McLeskey, J., Barringer, M.-D., Billingsley, B., Brownell, M., Jackson, D., Kennedy, M., Lewis, T., Maheady, L., Rodriguez, J., Scheeler, M. C., Winn, J., & Ziegler, D. (2017). High-leverage practices in special education. Council for Exceptional Children & CEEDAR Center. https://ceedar.education.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/CEC-HLP-Web.pdf
Sainsbury, C. (2009). Martian in the Playground. Lucky Duck Books.