Neighborhood Effects on Social Participation of Children With and Without Disabilities

Main Article Content

Mansha Mirza
Yoonsang Kim


social participation, children, neighborhood effects


Few studies have examined how neighborhood characteristics affect the social participation of children with and without disabilities. Analysis of survey data from 20 low-income U.S. neighborhoods confirmed that neighborhood safety and stability influence social participation. Furthermore, children with disabilities have lower odds of social participation, though disparities vary by location.

Abstract 906 | PDF Downloads 53 Word Downloads 31 Text Downloads 36 Abstract - Neighborhood effects on social participation of children with and without disabilities Downloads 0 Cover letter - Neighborhood effects on social participation of children with and without disabilities Downloads 0 Title page and biographical statements - Neighborhood effects on social participation of children with and without disabilities Downloads 0 Figure - Barriers to social participation by child's disability status Downloads 0 Table - Descriptive summary of neighborhood characteristics Downloads 0 Table - Odds of social participation for children without disabilities versus children with disabilities by place of residence Downloads 0


Bartos, S., Distin, B., King, K., Maternosky, J., & Traver, S. (n.d.). Washington Park Stories. Retrieved from

Bedell, G., Coster, W., Law, M., Liljenquist, K., Kao, Y. C., Teplicky, R., . . . Khetani, M. A. (2013). Community participation, supports, and barriers of school-age children with and without disabilities. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(2), 315-323. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.09.024

Bernard, P., Charafeddine, R., Frohlich, K.L., Daniel, M., Kestens, Y., & Potvin, L. (2007). Health inequalities and place: A theoretical conception of neighbourhood. Social Science & Medicine, 65, 1839–1852.

Brischetto, R. R. (2000). Making Connections on San Antonio's West Side: The Neighborhood Transformation/Family Development Project. The Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Browning, C.A., & Cagney, C.A. (2002). Neighborhood structural disadvantage, collective efficacy, and self-rated physical health in an urban setting. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43(4), 383-399.

Cantillon, D. (2006). Community social organization, parents, and peers as mediators of perceived neighborhood block characteristics on delinquent and prosocial activities. American Journal of Community Psychology, 37(1-2), 111-127. doi: 10.1007/s10464-005-9000-9

Colantonio, G.A. & Martin, S. K. (2013). Hartford neighborhood assessment: Factors impacting student and family success. Hartford Public Schools.

Coulton, C., Cook, T., & Irwin, M. (2004). Aggregation issues in neighborhood research: A comparison of several levels of census geography and resident defined neighborhoods. Paper presented to the Association for Public Policy and Management, Atlanta, November 2004.

Coulton, C. & Irwin, M. (2009). Parental and community level correlates of participation in out-of-school activities among children living in low income neighborhoods. Children and Youth Services Review, 31(3), 300-308. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2008.08.003

Coulton, C.J., Chan, T., & Mikelbank, K. (2010). Finding place in Making Connections Communities: Applying GIS to residents’ perceptions of their neighborhoods. Making Connections Research Series. The Urban Institute.

Danese, A. & McEwen, B. S. (2011). Adverse childhood experiences, allostasis, allostatic load, and age-related disease. Physiology Behavior, 106(1), 29-39. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.08.019

Forsyth, R., Colver, A., Alvanides, S., Woolley, M., & Lowe, M. (2007). Participation of young severely disabled children is influenced by their intrinsic impairments and environment. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 49(5), 345-349.

Galvin, J., Froude, E. H., & McAleer, J. (2010). Children's participation in home, school and community life after acquired brain injury. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57(2), 118-126. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2009.00822.x

Hammal, D., Jarvis, N. S., & Colver, F. A., (2004). Participation of children with cerebral palsy is influenced by where they live. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 46, 292-298.

Hosmer, D. & Lemeshow, S. (2000). Applied Logistic Regression. New York: Wiley.

Imms, C., Reilly, S., Carlin, J., & Dodd, K. (2008). Diversity of participation in children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 50(5), 363-369. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2008.02051.x

Jarret, L. R. (1999). Successful parenting in high-risk neighborhoods. The Future of Children, 9(2), 45-50.

King, G. (2013). Perspectives on measuring participation: going forward. Child: care, health and development, 39(4), 466-469. doi: doi:10.1111/cch.12083

King, G., Law, M., Hanna, S., King, S., Hurley, P., Rosenbaum, P., … Petrenchik, T. (2006). Predictors of the leisure and recreation participation of children with physical disabilities: A structural equation modeling analysis. Children's Health Care, 35(3), 209-234.

King, G., Law, M., Hurley, P., Petrenchik, T., & Schwellnus, H. (2010). A developmental comparison of the out-of-school recreation and leisure activity participation of boys and girls with and without physical disabilities. International Journal of Disability, Development, and Education, 57, 77-107.

Law, M. K. G., King, S., Kertoy, M., Hurley, P., Rosenbaum, P., Young, N., & Hanna, S. (2006). Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. . Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 48(337-342).

Law, M., Petrenchik, T., King, G., & Hurley, P. (2007). Perceived environmental barriers to recreational, community, and school participation for children and youth with physical disabilities. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 88(12), 1636-1642. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.07.035

Leventhal, T., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). The neighborhoods they live in: The effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychological Bulletin, 126(2), 309-337. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.126.2.309

Lindblad, M. R., Manturuk, K. R., & Quercia, R. G. (2013). Sense of community and informal social control among lower income households: the role of homeownership and collective efficacy in reducing subjective neighborhood crime and disorder. American Journal of Community Psychology, 51(1-2), 123-139. doi: 10.1007/s10464-012-9507-9

McKenzie, B. S. (2013). Neighborhood access to transit by race, ethnicity, and poverty in Portland, OR. City & Community, 12(2), 134-155. doi: 10.1111/cico.12022

Michelsen, S., Flachs, E., Uldall, P., Eriksen, E., McManus, V., Parkes, J., . . . Colver, A. (2009). Frequency of participation of 8-12 year old children with cerebral palsy: A multi-center cross-sectional European study. European Journal of Pediatric Neurology, 13(2), 165-177.

Molnar, B., Gortmaker, S., Bull, F., & Buka, S. (2004). Unsafe to play? Neighborhood disorder and lack of safety predict reduced physical activity among urban children and adolescents. American Journal of Health Promotion, 18, 378-386.

Moore, V. L., Diez Roux, V. A., Evenson, R. K., McGinn, P. A., & Brines, J.S. (2008). Availability of Recreational Resources in Minority and Low Socioeconomic Status Areas. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34(1): 16-22.

Moren-Cross, J. L., Wright, D. R., LaGory, M., & Lanzi, R. G. (2006). Perceived neighborhood characteristics and problem behavior among disadvantaged children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev, 36(3), 273-294. doi: 10.1007/s10578-005-0003-4

Mujahid, M. & Diez Roux, A. (2010). Neighborhood factors in health. In: Steptoe A. (Ed.) Handbook of Behavioral Medicine, pp. 341-354. New York: Springer.

National Opinion Research Center. (2010). Making Connections Sample Design. Chicago, IL.

Price, D., & Hayes, C. (2009). Making connections cross-site survey: Resident perceptions of services. The Urban Institute. Retrieved, August 30, 2014 from:

Rawlings, L. A., Capps, R., Gentsch, K., & Fortuny, K. (2007). Immigrant Integration in Low-income Urban Neighborhoods: Improving economic prospects and strengthening connections for vulnerable families. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Sampson, R. J. , Raudenbush, S. W. , & Earls, F. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 227, 918-923.

Solish, A., Perry, A., & Minnes, P. (2010). Participation of children with and without disabilities in social, recreational, and leisure activities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23, 226-236.

United Cerebral Palsy (2007). The Case for Inclusion 2007. Washington, DC: United Cerebral Palsy.

United Cerebral Palsy (2012). The Case for Inclusion 2012. Washington, DC: United Cerebral Palsy.

U.S. Census Bureau (2008). A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data: What General Data Users Need to Know. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

World Health Organization (2007). International classification of functioning, disability and health- children and youth version (ICF-CY). Geneva: World Health Organization.

Xue, Y., Leventhal, T., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Earls, J. F. (2005). Neighborhood residence and mental health problems of 5- to 11-year-olds. Archives of General Psychiatry. 62, 554-563.