The Symbolic Ableism Scale

Main Article Content

Carli Friedman
Jessica M Awsumb


Modern Prejudice, Ableism, Discrimination


This study validates the Symbolic Ableism Scale (SAS), which examines subtle prejudice. The SAS has four underlying themes: individualism; recognition of continuing discrimination; empathy for disabled people; and, excessive demands. The SAS is a tool that can be used to help understand how contradicting disability ideologies manifest in modern society to determine how best to counteract them.

Creative Commons License

Abstract 1194 | PDF Downloads 190 Word Downloads 42 TXT Downloads 42