E-Mentoring Across National Boundaries

Main Article Content

Juan Martin Botero


technology, mentoring, youth with disabilities


Computer-based mentorship, or e-mentorship, is a beneficial mentoring technique that promotes independence and self-efficacy among the individuals being mentored, with and without a disability1 (McDonald, Balcazar & Keys, 2005; Smith, 2008; Stumbo et al., 2010). E-mentorship increases and broadens the individual's communication and social skills and increases knowledge about overcoming community participation barriers. It also increases the visibility of individuals with disabilities by integrating them with the non-disabled, and allowing both sides to share views and experiences. Before introducing face-to-face programs, introducing an e-mentoring program will help build and empower youth2 with disabilities in one country by using an existing mentor group based in a different country and the active resources of a traditional mentorship program committed to these activities. E-mentoring has the potential to expand mentorship programs from more economically developed western industrialized countries (such as UK or USA) to developing countries: across boundaries.

Abstract 394 | PDF Downloads 94 Word Downloads 111 Text Downloads 138


Acomb, R. W. (2013). What makes a successful cross-gender/cross-racial mentor/ protégé
relationship? In ‪Porteous, Hainkel and Johnson (Eds.), Diversity for success (pp. 121-136). New Orleans, LA : ‪Porteous, Hainkel and Johnson. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCkQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dri.org%2FDRI%2Fcourse-materials%2F2013-Diversity%2Fpdfs%2F09_Acomb.pdf&ei=4lwbU__gK876kQe71ICYDw&usg=AFQjCNEvwhvDJAXh7kfpaaQObZRWalgpog&sig2=OY0fImGONwJTKo-2rL-sNQ&bvm=bv.62578216,d.eW0

Bierema, L. L., Merriam, S. B. (2002). E-mentoring: Using computer mediated communication to enhance the mentoring process. Innovative Higher Education, 26(3), 211-227. Retrieved from http://i-careermanagement.com/e-mentoring.pdf

Bolino, M. C., & Feldman D. C. (1999). The impact of on-site mentoring on expatriate socialization: A structural equation modeling approach . The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 10(1), 54-71. Retrieved from http://faculty-staff.ou.edu/B/Mark.C.Bolino-1/Feldman%20Bolino%201999%20IJHRM.pdf

Buchanan, E. A., Myers, S. E., & Hardin, S. L. (2005). Holding your hand from a distance: Online mentoring and the graduate library and information science students. The Journal of Educators Online, 2(2). Retrieved from http://thejeo.com/Elizabeth Buchanan Final.pdf

Burgstahler, S. (1997). Peer support: What role can the internet play? Journal of Information Technology and Disabilities, 4(4). Retrieved from www.easi.cc/itd/volume4/number4/article2.html

Burgstahler, S., & Cronheim, D. (2001). Supporting peer-peer and mentor-protégé relationships on the internet. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 34(1), 59-74. Retrieved from http://staff.washington.edu/sherylb/jrte.01.html.
Burgstahler, S., & Crawford, L. (2007). Managing an e-mentoring community to support students with disabilities: A case study. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education Journal, 15(2), 97-114. Retrieved from http://www.editlib.org/p/19814/article_19814.pdf

Carlson, D., & Ehrlich, N.. (2005). Assistive technology and information technology use and need by persons with disabilities in the United States 2001. U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/research/pubs/at-use/at-use-2001.pdf

Cox, T. H., & Blake, S. (1991). Managing cultural diversity: Implications for organizational competitiveness. The Executive, 5(3), 45-56. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4165021

Crutcher, B. N. (2007). Mentoring across cultures. Academe-Bullettin of the American
Association of University Professors, 93(4), 44-48. Retrieved from http://azlend.peds.arizona.edu/sites/azlend.peds.arizona.edu/files/pdfs/Week%206-2_Crutcher%20Mentoring%20Across%20Cultures.pdf

Darling N., Bogat G. A., Cavell T. A., Murphy, S. E., & Sánchez, B. (2006). Gender, ethnicity, development, and risk: Mentoring and the consideration of individual differences. Journal of Community Psychology, 34(6), 765–779. Retrieved from

Dees, J. G. (1998). Enterprising Nonprofits. Harvard Business Review, 76, 54-69. Retrieved from http://www.uic.edu/sph/phtpg/Content/Reading%20Room/Articles/Dees%20Enterprising%20Nonprofits.pdfFilmer, D. (2008). Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries: Results from 14 household surveys. The World Bank Economic Review, 22(1), 141–163. Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.com/bitstream/handle/10986/4475/wber_22_1_141.pdf?sequence=1

Groce, N. E. (2004). Adolescents and youth with disability: Issues and challenges. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 15(2), 13-32. Retrieved from http://resource-package-on-disability.org/3-three-adol-develop-particip-disability/301-wb-adol-youth-disab-groce.pdf

Hill, J. R., Song, L., & West, R. E. (2009). Social learning theory and web-based learning environments: A review of research and discussion of implications. The American Journal of Distance Education, 23, 1–16. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/2538041/Social_learning_theory_and_web-based_learning_environments_A_review_of_research_and_discussion_of_implications#

Kett, M. (2012). Skills development for youth living with disabilities in four developing countries. UNESCO, EFA Global Monitoring Report 2012, Youth and skills: Putting education to work, 1-27. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002178/217882e.pdf

Kim, K.-J., & Bonk, C. J. (2002). Cross-cultural comparisons of online collaboration. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 8(1), 1-47. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2002.tb00163.x/full

Ligorio, M. B., & Van Veen, K. (2006). Constructing a successful cross- national virtual learning environment in primary and secondary education. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education Journal, 14(2), 103-128. Retrieved from http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/ualturki/Digital%20Library/Constructing%20a%20Successful%20Cross-National%20Virtual%20Learning%20Environment%20in%20Primary%20and%20Secondary%20Education.pdf

Mersland, R. (2005). Microcredit for self-employed disabled persons in developing countries. Retrieved from http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/2068/

McDonald, K. E., Balcazar, F. E., & Keys, C.B. (2005). Youth with disabilities. In D. L. DuBois & M. J. Karcher (Eds.), Handbook of youth mentoring (pp. 493-507). Sage Publications. Retrieved from http://www.uk.sagepub.com/gargiulo4emedia/study/chapters/handbook/handbook1.1.pdf

McDonald, K. E., Balcazar, F. E., & Keys, C.B. (2007). Disability, race/ethnicity and gender: Themes of cultural oppression, acts of individual resistance. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39(1-2), 145-161. Retrieved from http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.psy/files/5_McDonald_AJCP_McDonald_Keys_Balcazar_March_2007.pdf

Mezias, J. M., & Scandura, T. A. (2005). A needs-driven approach to expatriate adjustment and career development: A multiple mentoring perspective. Journal of International Business Studies, 36, 519-538. Retrieved from http://gracelindesigns.com/dawn/files/mentoring/Mesias_Scandura_JIBS_2005.pdf

McGuire, J. M., Scott, S. S., & Shaw, S. F. (2003). Universal design for instruction: The paradigm, its principles, and products for enhancing instructional access. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 17(1), 11-21. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ875999.pdf

Park, J., Turnbull, A. P., & Turnbull, H. R. (2002). Impacts of poverty on quality of life in families of children with disabilities. Exceptional children, 68(2), 151-170. Retrieved from http://cec.metapress.com/content/d70331247mm11432/

Rivas-Drake, D., Seaton, E. K., Markstrom, C., Quintana, S., Syed, M., Lee, R. M., ... Yip, T., & Ethnic and Racial Identity in the 21st Century Study Group. (2014). Ethnic and racial identity in adolescence: Implications for psychosocial, academic, and health outcomes. Child Development, 85(1), 40–57. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1111/cdev.12200/asset/cdev12200.pdf?v=1&t=i0morpcs&s=92cd98c06c2aa5f65e1bab37f874555093243660

Sheldon, A. (2005). One world, one people, one struggle? Towards the global implementation of the social model of disability. In C. Barnes & G. Mercer (Eds.), The social model of disability: Europe and the majority world (pp. 115-130). Leeds: The Disability Press. Retrieved from http://disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk/files/library/Barnes-emw-Chapter-8.pdf

Singh, G. (2010). We write better together: E-mentoring to induct developing country researchers into scientific literacy practices. Paper presented at The Fifth International Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium (LINC). Retrieved from http://linc.mit.edu/linc2010/proceedings/session12SINGH.pdf

Smith-Jentsch, K. A., Scielzo, S. A., Yarbrough, C. S., & Rosopa, P. J.(2008). A comparison of face-to-face and electronic peer-mentoring: Interactions with mentor gender. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 72, 193–206. Retrieved from http://psychology.cos.ucf.edu/twd/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Smith-Jentsch-et-al.-2008-A-Comparison-of-face-to-face-and-electronic-peer-mentoring-Interactions-with-mentor-gender.pdf

Spencer, R. (2006). Understanding the mentoring process between adolescents and adults. Youth Society, 37(3), 287-315. Retrieved from http://www.vamentoring.org/images/uploads/resources/Spencer_Understanding_the_Mentoring_Process_between_Adolescents_and_Adults_2006.pdf

Stumbo N. J., Martin J. K., Nordstrom D., Rolfe T., Burgstahler S., Whitney J., … Misquez E. (2010). Evidence-based practices in mentoring students with disabilities: Four case studies. Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities, 14(1), 33-54. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.rit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1016&context=jsesd

Sword, C., & Hill, K. (2002). Issue brief: Creating mentoring opportunities for youth with disabilities: Issues and suggested strategies. Retrieved from http://www.ncset.org/publications/issue/NCSETIssueBrief_1.4.pdf

Thomas, D. A. (2001). The truth about mentoring minorities. Race matters. Harvard Business Review, 79(4), 98-107, 168. Retrieved from http://chem-faculty.lsu.edu/mccarley/new/mccarley/TheTruthAboutMentoringMinorities.pdf

UNICEF. (2007). Promoting the rights of children with disabilities. Innocenti Digest, 13, 1-71. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/children_disability_rights.pdf