Robert Ashley and the Tourettic Voice

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Gavin Steingo


Tourette Syndrome, Robert Ashley, music and disability


This article explores notions of subjectivity and voice in American composer Robert Ashley’s composition, “Automatic Writing.” Ashley links his own (alleged) experience of Tourette Syndrome with his compositional process. The “Tourettic voice” that emerges in Ashley’s music challenges normative conceptions of unified subjectivity and the ontology of presence.

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