Learning Crisis (1) School Closure and Learning Crisis of Special Education by COVID-19

Main Article Content

Yoshimi Matsuzaki
Kuniomi Shibata

Keywords

school closure, COVID-19, soecial education

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic caused a "Learning Crisis" for children with disabilities, which deprived them of their learning motivations and chances of keeping to learn. We surveyed special education schools in Japan in order to identify practical issues they had experienced during the school closures at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Abstract 17 | WORD Downloads 7 PDF Downloads 10

References

AERA dot. (2020, May 13). Kyūkō no chōki-ka de shōjiru `kyōiku kakusa' no konpon gen'in kaku gakkō ya jichitai ni yotte seibi ni mo baratsuki [A cause of “educational inequality” brought by prolonged school closure; disparities because of the difference of schools and administrations]. Toyo Keizai Online. https://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/349645

Anderson, G. (2020, April 6). Accessibility Suffers During Pandemic--Students with disabilities and their advocates say access to equitable education has been abandoned in the scramble to move classes online. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/04/06/remote-learning-shift-leaves-
students-disabilities-behind


Asahi Shimbun Digital. (2020, April 16). Kyōkasho mada uketorenai ko mo nagabiku jitaku gakushū, umu kakusa [Children who haven’t received the textbook yet, prolonging learning at home, disparities]. Asahi Shimbun Digital. https://digital.asahi.com/articles/ASN4H71YNN4HUTIL00T.html?iref=pc_rellin k_02
Central Council for Education. (2012). Kyōsei shakai no keisei ni muketa inkurūshibu kyōiku shisutemu kōchiku no tame no tokubetsu shien kyōiku no suishin [Promotion of special needs education for building an inclusive education system for the formation of a symbiotic society]. https://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo3/siryo/attach/1325891.ht m
47 NEWS. (2020, June 9). Kyūkō ga kodomo-tachi ni motarashita henka to wa Suisu, gakkō

ni kayou igi o miushinatta seito mo [sekai kara], [The impact on children in Switzerland under the school closure; students who lost their motivation of learning. From the world report]. Yahoo! Japan news. https://news.yahoo.co.jp/articles/ce758882d9862121015eb1b2959df9a24d483166?pa
ge=1


Hill, F. (2020, April 18). The Pandemic Is a Crisis for Students with Special Needs Some students rely on schools for the personal, hands-on attention of specialists. What do they do now? The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2020/04/special-education-goes- remote-covid-19-pandemic/610231/
Kamenetz, A. (2020, May 27). Survey Shows Big Remote Learning Gaps For Low-Income And Special Needs Children. NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus- live-updates/2020/05/27/862705225/survey-shows-big-remote-learning-gaps-for- low-income-and-special-needs-children
Prime Minister’s Office of Japan. (2020, February 27). 15th The government’s task force on countermeasures against COVID-19. https://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/98_abe/actions/202002/27corona.html
Prime Minister’s Office of Japan. (2020, April 7). [COVID-19] Declaration of a State of Emergency in response to the Novel Coronavirus Disease (April 7) https://japan.kantei.go.jp/ongoingtopics/_00018.html last accessed March 27, 2021.
Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. (2020, May 25). [COVID-19] The Declaration of the Lifting of the State of Emergency in Response to the Novel Coronavirus Disease. Retrieved from https://japan.kantei.go.jp/ongoingtopics/_00027.html

JIJI PRESS LTD. (2020, February 28). Working Japanese parents react with shock to Abe's total school closure request. The Japan Times. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/02/28/national/working-parents-schools- coronavirus/
KYODO NEWS. (2020, March 2). School closures begin as Japan steps up coronavirus fight. Kyodo News. https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2020/03/9116ab05810c- nearly-all-prefectures-shut-schools-over-virus-outbreak.html
KYODO NEWS. (2020, May 14). Japan lifts coronavirus emergency outside Tokyo, Osaka regions. Kyodo News. https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2020/05/8128172584ce-
japan-may-lift-coronavirus-emergency-in-kyoto-38-other-prefectures.html


Libreri, S. (2020, May 20). Call for education supports for children with special needs. RTE news. https://www.rte.ie/news/coronavirus/2020/0524/1140333-covid-education- family-support/
Shimizu, S. (2012). Agenda for Inclusive Education. Kyoto: Creates Kamogawa Special Needs Education Division, Elementary and Secondary Education Bureau (2008). Tokubetsu shien kyōiku shiryō (Heisei 19-nendo) [Special support educational materials (2008)] https://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/shotou/tokubetu/material/020/011.htm