Counseling Clients with Learning Disabilities Counselor Perceived Competencies

Main Article Content

Tamekia Bell
Theodore Remley, Jr.
Tara Hill

Keywords

learning disabilty, counselor, competency, counselor training, counselor preparation

Abstract

Persons with learning disabilities (PWLDs) have the second most prevalent disability yet there is limited counseling literature on the population. This study examined counselors’ perceived beliefs and knowledge serving PWLDs and their self-reported multicultural competency. Findings suggest a need for additional training and educational experiences focusing on serving PWLDs.

Abstract 99 | WORD Downloads 18 PDF Downloads 29

References

Alvarez, J. M., Bhat, C. S., & Landmark, L. J. (2020). Are school counselors sufficiently prepared to serve students with disabilities. Journal of School Counseling, 18(19/20), 1-25.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Author.
Bardhoshi, G, Erford, B. T., & Jang, H. (2019). Psychometric synthesis of the counselor burnout inventory. Journal of Counseling and Development, 97, 195-208. doi: 10.1002/jcad.12250
Barton, B. (2009). Dreams deferred: Disability definitions, data, models, and perspectives. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34, 13-24. Retrieved from http://www.wmich.edu/hhs
Beecher, M. E., Rabe, R. A., & Wilder, L. K. (2004). Practical guidelines for counseling students with disabilities. Journal of College Counseling, 27, 83-89. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1882.2004.tb00262x
Chan, F., Tarvydas, V., Blalock, K., Strauser, D., & Atkins, B. J. (2009). Unifying and elevating rehabilitation counseling through model-driven, diversity-sensitive evidence-based practice. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 52(2), 114-119. doi:10.1177/0034355208323947
Chapin, M. McCarthy, H., Shaw, L., Bradham-Cousar, M., Chapman, R., Nosek, M., Peterson, S. Yilmaz, Z., & Ysasi, N. (2018). Disability-related counseling competencies. Alexandria, VA: American Rehabilitation Counseling Association, a division of ACA.
Coduti, W. A., Hayes, J. A., Locke, B. D., & Youn, S. J. (2016). Mental health and professional help-seeking among college students with disabilities. Rehabilitation Psychology, 61(3), 288-96. http://doi.org/10.1037/rep0000101
Cohen, J. (1992). Quantitative methods in psychology: A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155-159. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155
Constantine, M. G., & Ladany, N. (2000). Self-report multicultural counseling competence scales: Their relation to social desirability attitudes and multicultural case conceptualization ability. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 155-64. doi:10.103//0022-0167.47.2.155
Costello, C. A. & Stone, S. L. M. (2012). Positive psychology and self-efficacy: Potential benefits for college students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 25(2), 119-129.
Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP; 2016, October 26th). For immediate release. [Press release]. CACREP and CORE Appoint a 4-Member Task Force to Explore the Infusion of Disability Concepts into CACREP Standards. Retrieved from http://www.cacrep.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/final-Press-Release-10-26-16-Disability-Stds-Infusion-TF-Announcement.pdf
Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP; 2015, July 1st). For immediate release. {Press release}. CACREP/CORE Merger Updates. Retrieved from http://www.cacrep.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Press-Release-on-Merger-FINAL-7-20-15.pdf
Corrigan, M. J. (1998). Counseling college students with disabilities: Legal, ethical, and clinical issues. Journal of College Counseling, 1(2), 181-189. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1882.1998.tb00135.x
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th edition). SAGE Publications.
Dunn, N. A. W., & Baker, S. B. (2002). Readiness to serve students with disabilities: A survey of elementary school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 5(4), 277-284. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/42732350
Durodoye, B. A., Combes, B. H., & Bryant, R. M. (2004). Counselor intervention in the post-secondary planning of African American students with learning disabilities. Professional School Counseling, 7(3), 133-40.
Feather, K. A. & Carlson, R. G. (2019). An initial investigation of individual instructors’ self-perceived competence and incorporation of disability content into CACREP-accreditation programs: Rethinking training in counselor education. Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development, 47, 19-36. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmcd.12118
Field, T. A., Beeson, E. T., Luke, C., Ghoston, M., & Golubovic, N. (2019). Counselors’ neuroscience conceptualizations of depression. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 41(3), 260-279. https://doi.org/10.17744/mech.41.2.05
Foley, N. E. (2006). Preparing for college: Improving the odds for students with learning disabilities. College Student Journal, 40(3), 641-645.
Foley-Nicpon, M. & Lee, S. (2012). Disability research in counseling psychology journals: A 20-year content analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59(3), 392-398. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028743
Forber-Pratt, A. J., & Zape, M. P. (2017). Disability identity development model: Voices from the ADA-generation. Disability and Health Journal, 10, 350-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.12.013
Frye, H. N. (2005). How elementary school counselors can meet the needs of students with disabilities. Professional School Counseling, 8(5), 442-450. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/42732487
Fye, H. J., Memis, R., Soyturk, I., Myer, R., Karpinski, A. C., & Rainey, J. S. (2020). A
confirmatory factor analysis of the school counseling program implementation survey. Journal of School Counseling, 24-26, 1-36.
Hatch, T., Shelton, T., & Monk, G. (2009). Making the invisible visible: School counselors
empowering students with disabilities through self-advocacy training. Journal of School Counseling, 7, 1-19. Retrieved from http://jsc.montana.edu/articles/v7n14.pdf
Helms, N. E., & Katsiyannis, A. (1992). Counselors in elementary schools: Making it work for students with disabilities. School Counselor, 39, 232-38. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/23899941
Higgins, E. L., Raskind, M. H., Goldberg, R. J., & Herman, K. L. (2002). Stages of acceptance of a learning disability: The impact of labeling. Learning Disability Quarterly, 25, 3-18.
Hussar, B., Zhang, J., Hein, S., Wang, K., Roberts, A., Cui, J., Smith, M., Bullock Mann, F., Barmer, A., & Dilig, R. (2020). The Condition of Education 2020 (NCES 2020-144). U.S. Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics.
Jodoin, E. C. & Ayers, D. F. (2017). Communication conflict styles, perception of ethical environment, and job satisfaction among college and university counselors. Journal of College Counseling, 20, 139-153.
Jones, R. A. (2013). Therapeutic relationships with individuals with learning disabilities: A qualitative study of the counselling psychologists’ experience. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42, 193-203. https://doi.org/10.1111/bld.12028
Lent, J. & Schwartz, R. C. (2012). The impact of work setting, demographic characteristics, and personality factors related to burnout among professional counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 34(4), 355-372.
Linacre, J.M. (2014). Winsteps (version 3.80.1) [Computer Software] Chicago, Il: Winsteps.com.
Milsom, A. S. (2002). Students with disabilities: School counselor involvement and preparation. Professional School Counseling, 5(5), 331-38. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/42732373
Milsom, A. (2006). Creating positive school experiences for students with disabilities. Professional School Counseling, 10(1), 66-72. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/42732503
Milsom, A. (2007). School counselor involvement in postsecondary transition planning for
students with disabilities. Journal of School Counseling, 5(23). Retrieved from http://www.jsc.montana.edu/articles/v5n23.pdf
Milsom, A. S., & Akos, P. (2003). Preparing school counselors to work with students with disabilities. Counselor Education & Supervision, 43(2), 86-95. doi:10.1002/j.1556.6978.2003.tb01833.x
Milsom, A., & Dietz, L. (2009). Defining college readiness for students with learning
disabilities: A delphi study. Professional School Counseling, 12(4), 315-323. Retrieved from http://jstor.org/stable/42732875
Milsom, A., & Hartley, M. T. (2005). Assisting students with learning disabilities transitioning to
college: What school counselors should know. Professional School Counseling, 8(5), 436-41. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/42732486
Mitcham, M., Portman, T. A. A., & Dean, A. A. (2009). Role of school counselors in creating equitable educational opportunities for students with disabilities in urban settings. Urban Education, 44, 465-82. doi:10.1177/0042085909341042
National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD, 2017). The state of learning disabilities: Understanding the 1 in 5. Retrieved from https://www.ncld.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/1-in-5-Snapshot.Fin_.03142017.pdf
Ober, A. M., Granello, D. H., & Wheaton, J. E. (2012). Grief counseling: An investigation of counselors’ training, experience, and competencies. Journal of Counseling and Development, 90, 150-159.
Olkin, R. (2017). Disability-affirmative therapy: A case formulation template for clients with disabilities. Oxford University Press: New York, NY.
Patterson, J. B. (2009). Professional identity and the future of rehabilitation counseling.
Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 52(2), 129-132. doi:10.1177/0034355208323949
Peterson, C. H., Lomas, G. I., Neukrug, E. S. & Bonner, M. W. (2014). Assessment use by counselors in the United States: Implications for policy and practice. Journal of Counseling and Development, 92, 90-98. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2014.00134.x
Polo Sánchez, M. T., Fernández-Jiménez, C., & Fernández Cabezas, M. (2018). The attitudes of different partners involved in higher education towards students with disabilities. International Journal of Disability, Development & Education, 65(4), 442–458. https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912X.2017.1406066
Ponterotto, J. G., Gretchen, D., Utsey, S. O., Rieger, B. P., & Austin, R. (2002). A revision of the multicultural counseling awareness scale. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 30(3), 153-80. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.2002.tb00489.x
Ponterotto, J. G., Rieger, B. P., Barrett, A., & Sparks, R. (1994). Assessing multicultural counseling competence: A review of instrumentation. Journal of Counseling & Development, 72(3), 316-22. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1994.tb00941.x
Rawlings, S. A. & Longhurst, T. (2011). Infusing disability culture into multicultural courses in counselor education programs. Review of Disability Studies: An International Journal, 7, 90-101.
Rivas, M., & Hill, N. R. (2018). Counselor trainees’ experiences counseling disability: A phenomenological study. Counselor Education & Supervision, 57, 116-31. https://doi.org/10.1002/ceas.12097
Romano, D. M., Paradise, L. V., & Green, E. J. (2009). School counselors’ attitudes toward providing services to students receiving section 504 classroom accommodations: Implications for school counselor educators. Journal of School Counseling, 7, 1-36. Retrieved from http://jsc.montana.edu/articles/v7n37.pdf
Scarborough, J. L., & Gilbride, D. D. (2006). Developing relationships with rehabilitation counselors to meet the transition needs of students with disabilities. Professional School Counseling, 10(1), 25-33. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/42732498
Shaw, L. R., & Keuhn, M. D. (2009). Rehabilitation counselor education accreditation: History,
structure, and evolution. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 52(2), 69-76. doi:10.1177/0034355208323950
Simons, J. D. & Bahr, M. W. (2020). The measure of gender exploration and commitment and the role of the school counselor. Journal of School Counseling, 18(8/9), 1-34.
Smart, J. F., & Smart, D. W. (2006). Models of disability: Implications for the counseling profession. Journal of Counseling & Development, 84(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.11556-6678.2006.tb00377.x
Smith, E. V. (2001). Evidence for the reliability of measures and validity of measure interpretation: A Rasch measurement perspective. Journal of Applied Measurement, 2, 281-311.
Smith, L., Foley, P. F., & Chaney, M. P. (2008). Addressing classism, ableism, and heterosexism in counselor education. Journal of Counseling & Development, 86(3), 303-09. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2008.tb00513.x
Smith, T. B., Lyon, R. C., O’Grady, K. (2019). Integration and separation? Addressing religious and spiritual issues in multicultural counseling: A national survey of college counselors. Journal of College Counseling, 22, 194-210.
Strike, D. L., Skovholt, T. M., & Hummel, T. J. (2004). Mental health professionals’ disability competence: Measuring self-awareness, perceived knowledge, and perceived skills. Rehabilitation Psychology, 49, 321-27. https://doi.org/10.1037/0090-5550.49.4.321
Sweeney, T. J. (1992). CACREP: Precursors, promises, and prospects. Journal of Counseling &
Development, 70, 667-672.
United States Census Bureau (2016). Characteristics of the U.S. population by generational status: 2013. (Report No. P23-214). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/demo/P23-214.pdf
Wambu, G. W. & Myers, C. E. (2019). School counselor site supervisors’ perceptions of preparedness and training needs. Journal of School Counseling, 17(1-23), 1-30.
Weis, R., Dean, E. L., & Osborne, K. J. (2016). Accommodation decision making for postsecondary students with learning disabilities: Individually tailored or one size fits all? Journal of Learning Disabilities, 49(5), 484-498.
Wilson, A. M., Armstrong, C. D., Furrie, A., & Walcot, E. (2009). The mental health of Canadians with self-reported learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42(1), 24-40. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022219408326216
Woo, H., Goo, M., & Lee, M. (2016). A content analysis of research on disability: American counseling association journals between 2003 and 2013. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 44, 228-244. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmcd.12051